About the language

Hyper Text Markup Language, commonly referred to as HTML, is the standard markup language used to create web pages. Along with CSS, and JavaScript, HTML is a cornerstone technology, used by most websites to create visually engaging webpages, user interfaces for web applications, and user interfaces for many mobile applications. Web browsers can read HTML files and render them into visible or audible web pages. HTML describes the structure of a website semantically along with cues for presentation, making it a markup language, rather than a programming language.

Hyper is the opposite of linear. In the good old days – when a mouse was something the cat chased – computer programs ran linearly: when the program had executed one action it went to the next line and after that, the next line and so on. But HTML is different – you can go wherever you want and whenever you want. For example, it is not necessary to visit MSN.com before you visit HTML.net.
Text is self-explanatory.
Mark-up is what you do with the text. You are marking up the text the same way you do in a text editing program with headings, bullets and bold text and so on.
Language is what HTML is. It uses many English words.

HTML stands for Hyper Text Markup Language.
A markup language is a set of markup tags.
HTML documents are described by HTML tags.
Each HTML tag describes different document content.

 

Application

HTML is basically used to develop webpage

Some Important Tags in HTML

 

Tag

Description

<!–…–> Defines a comment
<!DOCTYPE> Defines the document type
<a> Defines a hyperlink
<abbr> Defines an abbreviation or an acronym
<acronym> Not supported in HTML5. Use <abbr> instead.
Defines an acronym
<address> Defines contact information for the author/owner of a document
<applet> Not supported in HTML5. Use <embed> or <object> instead.
Defines an embedded applet
<area> Defines an area inside an image-map
<article> Defines an article
<aside> Defines content aside from the page content
<audio> Defines sound content
<b> Defines bold text
<base> Specifies the base URL/target for all relative URLs in a document
<basefont> Not supported in HTML5. Use CSS instead.
Specifies a default color, size, and font for all text in a document
<bdi> Isolates a part of text that might be formatted in a different direction from other text outside it
<bdo> Overrides the current text direction
<big> Not supported in HTML5. Use CSS instead.
Defines big text
<blockquote> Defines a section that is quoted from another source
<body> Defines the document’s body
<br> Defines a single line break
<button> Defines a clickable button
<canvas> Used to draw graphics, on the fly, via scripting (usually JavaScript)
<caption> Defines a table caption
<center> Not supported in HTML5. Use CSS instead.
Defines centered text
<cite> Defines the title of a work
<code> Defines a piece of computer code
<col> Specifies column properties for each column within a <colgroup> element
<colgroup> Specifies a group of one or more columns in a table for formatting
<datalist> Specifies a list of pre-defined options for input controls
<dd> Defines a description/value of a term in a description list
<del> Defines text that has been deleted from a document
<details> Defines additional details that the user can view or hide
<dfn> Represents the defining instance of a term
<dialog> Defines a dialog box or window
<dir> Not supported in HTML5. Use <ul> instead.
Defines a directory list
<div> Defines a section in a document
<dl> Defines a description list
<dt> Defines a term/name in a description list
<em> Defines emphasized text
<embed> Defines a container for an external (non-HTML) application
<fieldset> Groups related elements in a form
<figcaption> Defines a caption for a <figure> element
<figure> Specifies self-contained content
<font> Not supported in HTML5. Use CSS instead.
Defines font, color, and size for text
<footer> Defines a footer for a document or section
<form> Defines an HTML form for user input
<frame> Not supported in HTML5.
Defines a window (a frame) in a frameset
<frameset> Not supported in HTML5.
Defines a set of frames
<h1> to <h6> Defines HTML headings
<head> Defines information about the document
<header> Defines a header for a document or section
<hr> Defines a thematic change in the content
<html> Defines the root of an HTML document
<i> Defines a part of text in an alternate voice or mood
<iframe> Defines an inline frame
<img> Defines an image
<input> Defines an input control
<ins> Defines a text that has been inserted into a document
<kbd> Defines keyboard input
<keygen> Defines a key-pair generator field (for forms)
<label> Defines a label for an <input> element
<legend> Defines a caption for a <fieldset> element
<li> Defines a list item
<link> Defines the relationship between a document and an external resource (most used to link to style sheets)
<main> Specifies the main content of a document
<map> Defines a client-side image-map
<mark> Defines marked/highlighted text
<menu> Defines a list/menu of commands
<menuitem> Defines a command/menu item that the user can invoke from a popup menu
<meta> Defines metadata about an HTML document
<meter> Defines a scalar measurement within a known range (a gauge)
<nav> Defines navigation links
<noframes> Not supported in HTML5.
Defines an alternate content for users that do not support frames
<noscript> Defines an alternate content for users that do not support client-side scripts
<object> Defines an embedded object
<ol> Defines an ordered list
<optgroup> Defines a group of related options in a drop-down list
<option> Defines an option in a drop-down list
<output> Defines the result of a calculation
<p> Defines a paragraph
<param> Defines a parameter for an object
<pre> Defines preformatted text
<progress> Represents the progress of a task
<q> Defines a short quotation
<rp> Defines what to show in browsers that do not support ruby annotations
<rt> Defines an explanation/pronunciation of characters (for East Asian typography)
<ruby> Defines a ruby annotation (for East Asian typography)
<s> Defines text that is no longer correct
<samp> Defines sample output from a computer program
<script> Defines a client-side script
<section> Defines a section in a document
<select> Defines a drop-down list
<small> Defines smaller text
<source> Defines multiple media resources for media elements (<video> and <audio>)
<span> Defines a section in a document
<strike> Not supported in HTML5. Use <del> or <s> instead.
Defines strikethrough text
<strong> Defines important text
<style> Defines style information for a document
<sub> Defines subscripted text
<summary> Defines a visible heading for a <details> element
<sup> Defines superscripted text
<table> Defines a table
<tbody> Groups the body content in a table
<td> Defines a cell in a table
<textarea> Defines a multiline input control (text area)
<tfoot> Groups the footer content in a table
<th> Defines a header cell in a table
<thead> Groups the header content in a table
<time> Defines a date/time
<title> Defines a title for the document
<tr> Defines a row in a table
<track> Defines text tracks for media elements (<video> and <audio>)
<tt> Not supported in HTML5. Use CSS instead.
Defines teletype text
<u> Defines text that should be stylistically different from normal text
<ul> Defines an unordered list
<var> Defines a variable
<video> Defines a video or movie
<wbr> Defines a possible line-break

 

Some Programmes Example List

1. Marquee Tag
2. Form Designing
3. Static Page Designing Using CSS
4. Media Insertion-Image, Audio, Video
5. Table Designing
6. Try This also in form designing

 

Write a programme for MARQUEE Tag.

<html><head><title>Marquee Tag</title></head>
<body>
<center><H1>Welcome to Marquee Tag</H1></center>
<marquee direction="left">Simple Left</marquee>
<marquee direction="right">Simple Right</marquee>
<marquee direction="left" scrollamount="10">Left with Speed</marquee>
<marquee direction="right" scrollamount="10">Right with Speed</marquee>
<marquee direction="up">UP</marquee>
<marquee direction="down">Down</marquee>
</body>
</html>

Write a programme for Form Designing.

<html><head><title>Form</title></head>
<body>
<center><H1>Welcome to Form</H1></center>
<BR>
<form action="#" method="POST">
Name: <input type="text" name="name" placeholder="Name" required  size="24"><BR><BR>
Mobile: <input type="text" name="mobile" placeholder="Mobile" required  size="23"><BR><BR>
Address:<BR> <textarea name="address" placeholder="Address" required rows="5" cols="33"></textarea><BR><BR>
Mail: <input type="text" name="mail" placeholder="Mail ID" required  size="25"><BR><BR>
Gender: Male: <input type="radio" name="gender" value="Male"> Female: <input type="radio" name="gender" value="Female"><BR><BR>
Course: <select name="course">
<option>10th</option><option>12th</option><option>UG</option><option>PG</option>
</select><BR><BR>
Contry: <input type="text" name="country" placeholder="Country" required size="24"><BR><BR>
Languages: <input type="checkbox" name="Hindi">Hindi <input type="checkbox" name="Engish">English <input type="checkbox" name="Punjabi">Punjabi <input type="checkbox" name="Other">Other   <BR><BR>
<input type="submit" name="submit">
</form>
</body>
</html>


 

Static Page Designing Using CSS.

<html><head>
<style>
.wrapper
{
border:1px solid;
width:75%;
height:90%;
margin:0 auto;
}
.header{
	font-family:Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif;
	font-size:40px;
	border-bottom:1px solid;
	padding:10px;
}
#menu ul{
	margin:0px;
	padding:0px;
	list-style-type:none;
}
#menu a{
	display:block;
	width:8em; color:#FFF;
	background-color:#000099;
	text-decoration:none;
	text-align:center;
}
#menu a:hover{
	background-color:#6666AA;
}
#menu li{
	float:right;
	margin-left:0.5em;
}
</style>
<title>My First Website!</title>
</head>

<body>
<div class="wrapper">
<div class="header">
Your Name
</div>
<div id="menu">
<ul>
   <li><a href="#">CONTACT</a></li>
    <li><a href="#">ABOUT</a></li>
    <li><a href="#">HOME</a></li>
</ul>
</div>

<BR><BR>
<H2>About You</H2>
</body>
</html>

 

Media Insertion-Image, Audio, Video.

<html><head><title>Media Insertion</title>
</head>
<body>
<center>
<H1>Welcome To Media Insertion Page</H1>
Image Insertion:<img src="Put Here image File Address" width="200" height="200">
Video insertion:<embed src="Put Here Video File Address" width="200" height="200">
Audio insertion:<embed src="Put Here Audio File Address" width="200" height="200">
</H1>
</body>
</html>

Table Designing.

<html><head><title>Table</title>
</head>
<body>
<center>
<H1>Welcome To Table</H1>
<BR><BR>
<table width="50%" border="1">
<caption>Welcome To 2X3 Table</caption>
<tr>
    <td>Row 1 Col 1</td>
    <td>Row 1 Col2</td>
    <td>Row 1 Col3</td>
 </tr>
 <tr>
     <td>Row 2 Col 1</td>
     <td>Row 2 Col2</td>
     <td>Row 2 Col3</td>
  </tr>
</table>
</center>

</body>
</html>

Try This also in form designing.

<input type="date">
<input type="time">
<input type="datetime-local">
<input type="email">
<input type="range">